What is Coco Peat? & How to Use Coco Coir Soil for Planting

Do you want to know what is coco peat and how to use it for planting? you have come to the right place.

Coco peat is a natural byproduct of coconut processing. It is made up of the coconut fiber and dust that are left over after the coconuts are husked and the water is extracted.

Coco peat is an excellent growing medium for many types of plants, including vegetables, fruits, and flowers. It is light and airy, and it holds moisture well. one KG of coconut peat can hold up to 8 to 10 liters of water.

It is also called as coconut peat, coco coir, coir pith, coco fiber and peat moss, It is made in different shapes for multiple planting purposes based.

Coco Peat is a natural soil amendment made from coconut shells and peat moss. It is used to plant plants in areas with low fertility, such as subtropical climates. Coco coir can be used in both moist and dry conditions, making it an ideal soil amendment for many different types of plants.

It also has a high cation exchange capacity, which means it can hold onto nutrients and make them available to plants. To use coco peat as a growing medium, simply mix it with water and perlite or sand. You can also add it to your existing potting mix to improve its drainage and aeration.

Lets find out detailed guide about coco peat usage and its properties below.

what is coco peat and how to use coco coir soil for planting

How to use Coco Peat for planting?

To use coco peat for planting, first soak the coco peat in water for about 20 minutes. Then, using a garden spade or trowel, dig a hole in the desired planting location that is twice the size of the coco peat block.

Place the soaked coco peat into the hole and backfill with soil, gently pressing down as you go. Once filled, water the area well.


  • It is also used as a growing medium for plants in horticulture, especially for orchid growers.
  • Coco peat is an alternative to sphagnum peat moss, which has been harvested at unsustainable rates from bogs.
  • Like sphagnum peat moss, coco peat holds water well, unlike sand or perlite.
  • Coco peat is also used as bedding material in poultry farms and as absorbent in animal feed and aquaculture industries.
  • In the pharmaceutical industry it is used as a filler in capsules and tablets due to its ability to absorb water, oils and other substances (e.g., penicillin) without affecting the properties of these substances.

How is coco peat made?

Coco peat is a byproduct of the coconut industry. It is made from the husks of coconuts that are processed for their meat and water. The husks are dried and then ground into a fine powder. This powder is then used as a growing medium for plants or as a soil amendment.

Find more detailed manufacturing process of coco peat here.

Different types of coco peat products

There are different types of coco peat products available in the market. Some of them are designed for specific purposes, while others can be used for a variety of applications. The most common type of coco peat is the block (brick), Pots and grow bag, which is made from compressed coco peat and is used as a growing medium in horticulture.

Other types of coco peat products include the coir dust, which is a by-product of the coconut industry, and the coir pith, which is a waste product from the processing of coir fiber.

  • The seperated fiber is used to make products such as Coir Mats & Creel Mats.
  • Coir Mattings – Four Treadle Weave, Basket Weave.
  • Coir Mattings – Ribbed Matting, Multishaft matting, Cricket Pitch matting.
  • Coir yarn

Coco peat blocks are widely available from garden supply stores in India, Sri Lanka, Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States.

You may refer Indian coirboard for more list of products made with coconut pith here.

Is coco coir better than soil?

Coco coir is a type of soil made from coconut husks. It is popular among gardeners because it is lightweight, easy to handle, and retains moisture well. Some gardeners believe that coco coir is superior to traditional soil because it does not compact as easily, drains more quickly, and contains fewer pests and diseases.

Coco coir is a popular substrate for hydroponic and soilless gardens. It is made from the husks of coconuts and is an environmentally friendly option so you can just use it as potting soil.

It consists of around 60% fiber (lignin), 30% carbohydrate (cellulose), 5% nitrogenous matter (proteins), 2–3% lignin with about 20%.

Coco coir has many benefits over soil,

  1. Improved drainage and aeration
  2. Superior root growth
  3. Increased yield
  4. Retains moisture and nutrients
  5. Weed free
  6. pH balanced

Types of Coco Peat for Plants

There are two types of coco peat that are commonly used for plants: coir dust and coco chips. Both types of coco peat have their own benefits and drawbacks, so it is important to choose the right type of coco peat for your plants.

Coir dust or coco pith is made from the husks of coconuts, and it is a very fine, lightweight powder. This makes it easy to apply to plants, and it also allows the plant roots to easily penetrate the coco peat. However, coir dust can blow away easily in windy conditions, and it can also be washed away by heavy rains.

Coco chips are made from the larger pieces of coconut husk, and they are a bit heavier than coir dust. This means that they are not as easily blown away or washed away as coir dust.

Coco chips also provide better drainage than coir dust, which is important for plants that require well-drained soil. However, coco chips can be difficult to apply evenly to plants, and they may not provide as much rooting space for plant roots as coir dust does.

How to use Coconut Coir In Hydroponic Gardening?

To use coconut coir in hydroponic gardening, mix it with water and perlite or vermiculite in a ratio of about 2:1:1. You can also add some organic fertilizer to the mix.

Fill your hydroponic system with the coco-perlite mix and plant your seeds or clones. Water your plants regularly and monitor the pH of your system.

Tips on CocoPeat Gardening

Coco peat is a versatile gardening material that can be used in a variety of ways. Here are some tips on how to use coco peat in your garden:

  • To improve drainage, mix coco peat with sand or perlite and use it as a top layer in containers or raised beds.
  • To retain moisture, add coco peat to potting mix or soil.
  • To make seed starting mix, combine coco peat with perlite or vermiculite.
  • As an alternative to sphagnum moss, use coco peat to line wire baskets for hanging plants.
  • Coco peat can also be used as a mulch around plants. This helps to keep the soil moist and smothers any weeds that have germinated.

Advantages of CocoPeat

Coco peat is a natural and renewable resource that offers many advantages over other types of growing media. It is lightweight and easy to handle, making it ideal for use in horticulture and agriculture.

Coco peat is also an excellent source of nutrients, it can improve drainage and aeration in soils.

Coconut coir is an excellent medium for hydroponic gardening. It is is a sustainable, environmentally friendly alternative to sand.

Coconut coir holds moisture well and provides good drainage, aeration, and root support. It is also pH neutral.

Additionally, coco peat is resistant to pests and diseases, and is biodegradable, making it an environmentally friendly option for growers.

Disadvantages of CocoPeat

There are a few disadvantages to using coco peat as a growing medium.

One is that it can be quite dusty, and this can be a problem for people with allergies or respiratory problems.

It can also be difficult to wet all the way through, so it’s important to make sure that it’s well-hydrated before planting.

Finally, it doesn’t hold nutrients well, so you may need to fertilize more often than with other growing media.

Beware of the following when using CocoPeat

There are a few things to be aware of when using coco peat.

First, it is important to ensure that the coco peat is completely dry before using it. If it is even slightly damp, it can cause the roots of your plants to rot.

Second, coco peat can be very dusty, so it is important to wear a dust mask when handling it.

Third, it is best to mix the coco peat with other materials, such as perlite or vermiculite, to improve drainage. Finally, be sure to use a good quality coco peat that is free of debris and dust.

Finally, coco peat is quite light and fluffy, so it can be easily blown away by strong winds.

Pros and Cons of Coconut coir

Coconut coir, also known as coco peat, is a waste product from the processing of coconuts. It is used as a growing medium for plants, as a soil amendment, and in crafts.


  • Coconut coir is an eco-friendly alternative to peat moss.
  • It is renewable and sustainable.
  • It is lightweight and easy to handle.
  • It has good drainage and retains moisture.
  • It is pH neutral.
  • It is rich in nutrients.


  • Coconut coir can be expensive.
  • It can harbor pests and diseases.
  • It can be difficult to find in stores.

FAQs | What is Coco Peat? and How to Use Coco Coir Soil for Planting

Which is the better medium for modern gardens?

There is no definitive answer to this question as it depends on personal preferences. Some gardeners prefer traditional methods such as using soil and planting seeds, while others prefer more modern approaches such as hydroponics or growing plants in containers. Ultimately, it is up to the individual gardener to decide which medium is best for their own garden.

Can we reuse the coco coir?

Yes, you can reuse coco coir, but it is important to clean it first. Coco coir can be cleaned by rinsing it with water and then letting it dry completely. Once it is dry, you can reuse it.

Can we grow plants in just coco peat?

Sure you can grow plants, Peat moss is a spongy, fibrous material that is made up of decomposed plant matter. Peat moss is found in bogs and wetlands. Peat moss has a high water content and can hold up to 20 times its own weight in water. Peat moss is also acidic, which makes it a good environment for plants to grow in.

Can we mix coco pith with soil?

Yes, you can mix coco coir with soil. Coco coir is a great amendment for soil because it helps improve drainage and aeration while also providing nutrients and improving water retention.

Do we need to water coco peat every day?

No, you do not need to water coconut coir every day. Coconut coir is a type of soil that is made from coconut husks. This soil is very absorbent and will hold onto moisture for a long time.

Does the coconut pith decompose?

Coconut coir is made from the fibrous husks of coconuts, So it does decompose, but it breaks down slowly. This makes it an ideal material for mulching and potting mixes, as it will help to retain moisture and discourage weeds.

How often we water plants in coco peat?

Coconut coir is a type of soil that is made from coconut husks. It is a popular choice for growing plants because it is lightweight and easy to manage. Coconut coir can hold a lot of water, so it is important to water plants regularly to prevent the roots from drying out. How often you water plants in coconut coir will depend on the type of plant, the size of the pot, and the weather conditions. In general, it is best to water plants every few days to keep the soil moist but not soggy.

Is coco peat toxic to humans?

No, coconut coir is not toxic to humans. This natural fiber is derived from the husks of coconuts and is a popular choice for gardeners and farmers as it is an effective mulch and soil amendment. Coconut coir has a high lignin content which makes it resistant to decomposition, meaning it will improve the soil structure and drainage while providing valuable nutrients to plants.

What pH is best for growing plants hydroponically?

The ideal pH for growing plants hydroponically is between 6 and 7.

What grows well in coconut peat?

Coco peat is a versatile growing medium that can be used to grow a variety of plants. It is especially well-suited for growing tropical plants and palms, as it retains moisture well and drains quickly. Coco peat is also relatively easy to find and relatively inexpensive, making it a great option for those on a budget.

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